Welcome to The City in East and Southeast Asia 1850-1950. This website was created to share some of the work and thoughts of students in MO4971, a fourth-year special primary source module offered in the School of History at the University of St Andrews.

Photo “Peking (Beijing). Straße zur Winterszeit, im Hintergrund Verbotene Stadt mit den zwei künstlichen Hügeln” is from the Deutsche Fotothek, CC BY-NC.